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I am writing a paper on various types of government structures and was trying to find out What are the mandatory positions in the cabinet of the United Kingdom. I know that every Prime minster has the choice of select his/her minsters and can add or subtract ministerial positions and even take up various positions if they choose to however I need to know those positions that will remain regardless what the Prime minster decides.

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Did Charlie Hebdo ever publish any cartoon satirizing Judaism? If Yes, was there any protest from the Jewish community? If No, why not? What is the reason (they have published enough cartoons satirizing Jesus and Mohammad. Why would they spare Judaism)?

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Obama was in the middle of establishing talks with Cuba when he left office. Has Trump alluded to his stance on Cuba and whether he plans to establish connections after Castro's death?

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Under Article 9 of Constitution of Japan, Renunciation of war : The "Japanese people forever renounce war as a sovereign right of the nation and the threat or use of force as means of settling international disputes". To this end the article provides that "land, sea, and air forces, as well as other war potential, will never be maintained". Obviously this is a law for a Dominated country caused of weakness. Now Japan again is strong (It seems that). What is the opinion of people of Japan about the humiliating Article (9)? Is there a poll? If there is several polls during the time, I want to know how is the rate of changes?

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The US term GWOT (global war on terrorism) is frequently used, however, as I understand a nation is or is not at war (via declaration or some other formally documented mechanism) with another party. In order for the US to be at war, what are the requirements for the other party? In the distant past the party has been recognized nation states (Germany, Italy, Japan, etc.) QUESTIONS Is it possible for the US to be at war with a non-nation actor (ISIL, Al-Quaeda), in the same way that the US was at war with other recognized nations in WWII? If yes, has there been a declaration of war with XXXX (ISIL, Al-Quaeda, etc.) Do the conventions of war apply to idealogical combatants (i.e.

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While poorly worded, another question, which is currently on hold, brings up a good point: does a company have a contractual obligation to uphold its TOS, or can its moderators arbitrarily enforce its internal rules. As an example, can Facebook choose whether or not to enforce its TOS for some posts, and yet ignore their standards for others? It seems like the TOS is a contract, and it would specifically need to say in the contract that enforcement is at the company's discretion. Does Facebook have such a clause?

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California Penal Code 1214.1(b2) states: Payment of a civil assessment shall not be required to schedule a court hearing on a pending underlying charge. However, California Traffic Courts require pre-payment of bail before allowing a Trial by Written Declaration. Is this allowed by the Penal Code?

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I received a citation for San Jose Municipal Code 11.36.290 which is for parking a commercial vehicle over 10,000 pounds in a residential area. The fine was for $490, as well as the inclusion of a few equipment violations were were all over $100 each. From looking through the vehicle code, it seems like this is grossly inflated (all of the citation was retaliatory by an angry officer, so this would not be surprising). How can I figure out the correct fine amount as well as all the fees they are allowed to attach? Looking at the Traffic Bail schedule for 2016 in that county: http://www. scscourt. org/documents/traffic_bail.

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This specifically concerns Right to Know Law in the State of Pennsylvania Under PA Right to Know law, could a person ask the local police department what records or information they have on a former resident of the town?

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Suppose there is open conflict between an executive administration and the federal judicial branch. The executive branch wants to curtail judicial power, but is hopefully limited by the Constitution in what it can do. Presumably there is also a certain precedence and decorum that discourages such conflicts from escalating. That said, were such a situation to escalate, would the executive have actions they could take that would weaken the judiciary? Likewise, does the judiciary have any proactive defenses against such measures? My understanding is that Article III judges are fairly well protected from retaliation by their lifetime appointment.

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